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Early Reading and Phonics

Phonics Implementation

At Lanchester EP Primary School we have developed a bespoke approach to teaching phonics, using the Department of Education approved document ‘Letters and Sounds’ and ‘Read, Write, Inc.’ for our teaching of phonics. This allows our phonics teaching and learning to be progressive from our Nursery.

There are six phases within the Letters and Sounds programme: –

Phase 1 – Activities are divided into seven aspects. Environmental Sounds, Instrumental Sounds, Body Sounds, Rhythm and Rhyme, Alliteration, Voice Sounds and finally Oral Blending and Segmenting.

Phase 2 – Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting sounds into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase 3 – The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as “ch”, “oo” and “th” representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase 4 – No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase 5 – Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase 6 – Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

Nursery children work on Phase One phonics, which concentrates on developing their speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2.

As children move into Reception they continue to build on their listening skills and are introduced to Phase 2 which marks the start of systematic phonics work. They have discrete, daily phonics sessions where they revise previous learning, are taught new graphemes/phonemes, practise together and apply what they have learnt. Through our bespoke phonics progression, the children are taught the 44 phonemes that make up all the sounds required for reading and spelling. These phonemes include those made by just one letter and those that are made by two or more. The children are taught actions to support grapheme-phoneme correspondence. (See Appendix one)

Children work through the different phases and as they grow in confidence and experience, they are introduced to alternative ways of representing the same sound.

Lanchester EP Primary School
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